English gardens: Inspiration and characteristic plants.

English gardens are unique horticultural masterpieces that have gained worldwide recognition for their exquisite beauty and sophisticated aesthetics. What’s more, even many online casinos that can be found https://www.newonline-casinos.co.uk/ are dedicated to the theme of gardening. In this article we will delve into the history of English gardens and look at their characteristic features, but our main focus will be on the diverse vegetation that gives English gardens their unique charm.

History of English gardens.

The history of Britain’s gardens goes back a long way and is linked to the country’s rich cultural and gardening tradition. These gardens have travelled a long and thorny path of development, reflecting not only changes in horticulture but also socio-cultural change. Let’s take a look at key moments in the history of English gardens:

Early English gardens. Emerged in the Middle Ages and had a functional focus. They were a source of food and medicinal plants for domestic use. A dense garden landscape with vegetable gardens, fruit trees and herbs was a typical suburban element of English estates.

Renaissance and Baroque. With the advent of the Renaissance in the 16th century, English gardens became an expression of wealth and a hallmark of the aristocracy. At this time, formal gardens emerged with regular geometric compositions and the use of ponds, terraces, and sculptures.

Natural gardens. In the eighteenth century, English gardens experienced a change in style under the influence of Romanticism. Gardeners began to pay more attention to natural beauty and created compositions as close to natural landscapes as possible. Such gardens implied soft geometry, a lot of natural elements, water bodies and paths.

Victorian Era and Gardens Arts and Crafts: In the 19th century, English gardens became more accessible to the masses, and this time marked the flowering of English gardening. The Victorian era brought with it many new varieties of plants from different parts of the world, which enriched the biodiversity of English gardens. Arts and Crafts gardens also emerged, centred on handmade craftsmanship and simple but beautiful designs.

Modern English gardens.

English gardens attract attention with their sophisticated aesthetics and distinctive features that make them unique in the gardening world. Let’s take a look at the main characteristics of modern gardens.

Geometry and structure.

English gardens are characterised by a distinct and complex geometry. Geometric shapes such as rectangles, circles and ovals are carefully combined in compositions, creating a perfectionist symmetry.

Diversity of vegetation.

One of the key characteristics of English gardens is also a great variety of plants united in a single ensemble. Flowers, shrubs, trees and grasses can all be found here, creating a rich colour palette and textural variety. Each plant is chosen with special attention to its form, colour and seasonal flowering.

Characteristic Plants of Modern English Gardens.

English gardens are renowned for their diverse vegetation, which creates a wealth of colours and textures within well-organised compositions. In this section of the article, we will delve into the world of plants that are most commonly found in English gardens and which give them their characteristic charm.

Traditional flowers and shrubs.

Roses, especially English roses (David Austin Roses), are an icon of English gardens. Their graceful buds and delicate fragrance create a romantic atmosphere.

Lavender. This aromatic herb with lilac inflorescences exudes a unique range of colours and a delightful fragrance to the garden.

Hosta. A plant with large leaves and a variety of varieties perfect for creating undergrowth and shade in the garden.

Decorative Trees.

Apple trees with colourful fruit and spring flowers are a symbol of fertility and abundance in English gardens.

Magnolias. These beautiful flowering trees add majesty and delicacy to the garden.

Oaks. The compositions of many English gardens include century-old oaks, adding character and historical value to the garden.

Herbaceous plants.

Lily of the valley. Delicate white or pink lily of the valley flowers create beautiful carpets in spring.

Ferns. These plants add natural character and enrich the garden with texture.

Flower beds: English gardens often feature extensive flower beds with a variety of flowers such as phlox, daisies and lilies.


English gardens are not only historically important, but to this day they remain a symbol of elegance, harmony and natural beauty. They continue to inspire gardeners, landscape designers and nature lovers from around the world.