Crown reduction of an garden trees
Crown reduction is a pruning technique for reducing the height and spread of the upper branches of a tree to improve its overall balance and appearance, and to reduce wind resistance and weight. It is typically performed on mature trees in gardens and landscapes to control their size and maintain their health and safety.
Here are the steps for crown reduction of a garden tree:
- Assess the tree: Determine the desired height and spread of the tree after reduction, and assess the tree’s health, structure, and any potential hazards.
- Plan the cuts: Decide which branches to remove and where to make the cuts to achieve the desired shape and size. Avoid leaving stubs and maintain the natural form of the tree.
- Use the right tools: Use a sharp, clean pruning saw or lopper to make clean cuts, and wear gloves and safety gear, such as goggles and a hard hat, to protect yourself.
- Make the cuts: Start with the largest branches, and make cuts just outside the branch collar (the raised ridge where the branch meets the trunk). Do not damage the branch collar, as it helps the tree seal the wound.
- Balance the tree: Reduce branches evenly on both sides of the tree to maintain its balance and stability. Avoid removing too much from one side, which can cause the tree to lean or become unstable.
- Clean up: Remove any dead or diseased wood, and dispose of the pruning debris. Do not leave branches or leaves on the ground, as this can encourage disease and pests.
Note: Crown reduction should only be performed by a professional arborist or a GardenAdvice gardener, as it can be dangerous and may cause damage to the tree if not done properly.